What Are Cannabinoids & What Do They Do?
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids interact with particular cannabinoid receptors present on the surface of body cells to exert their effects.
These receptors are found in different parts of our nervous system and brain. In essence, cannabinoids influence the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a unique cell-signaling system found in all mammals.
Cannabinoids can be classified into phytocannabinoids, which are plant-based and synthetic cannabinoids manufactured artificially.
The common cannabinoids are the phytocannabinoids THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive compound in cannabis, and CBD (or cannabidiol).
There are 100+ distinct cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, each with different therapeutic effects.
Cannabidiol is the major cannabinoid in cannabis with non-intoxicating effects on our body and mind. CBD is potent at the trichomes from which it’s extracted into the oil. It’s available in various forms for consumption, such as a capsule or oil (taken orally), as a cream (for topical application), or as a dried flower and vape oil for inhalation.
How CBD Works
CBD works by increasing or improving the production of endocannabinoids in our bodies.
Cannabidiol acts as an inhibitor to enzymes that regulate or destroy the body’s endocannabinoids. This action increases the endocannabinoids circulating in our body hence improving our physical state.
CBD also affects:
The CBD content is also the potency of CBD in a product. It’s expressed as a percentage of milligrams per gram in cannabis. For example, 10 % CBD on a package means 100 milligrams of CBD per gram of cannabis.
It’s advisable to always check for the CBD content and if the CBD is sourced from federally licensed producers.
How THC works
THC binds with cannabinoid receptors in our brains and central nervous systems to cause its euphoric and psychedelic effects.
Moreover, it helps maintain homeostatic balance and activates immune system response.
THC also interacts with the body’s ECS that consists of the following parts:
The THC content is referred to as the potency of THC in a product. It’s expressed as a percentage of milligrams per gram in cannabis. For example, 10 % THC on a package means 100 milligrams of THC per gram of cannabis. It’s unlikely to find a dried flower with 100%THC; 33% is typically the highest potency available.
Usually, products with 17% – 20% are labeled strong. Remember, consuming large doses of THC can have undesired effects on your wellbeing.
Consider using low THC products or have an equal ratio of THC to CBD to help curb the intoxicating effects of THC.
Otherwise, taking regulated THC levels can help with relaxation, euphoria, creativity, and increased energy.
It’s advisable to always check for the THC content and if the THC is sourced from federally licensed producers.